1. The most common injuries in ice conditions are bruises, ligament damage or rupture, dislocation, fracture, concussion. If you fall and hit yourself, it is quite possible that you will get a bruise, if at the same time you twist your leg or arm, it is likely that the ligaments will be dislocated or damaged.
With these injuries, it is important to provide adequate assistance for the first day, then you can successfully recover on your own. Fractures and concussions always require longer treatment and are considered serious injuries. Black ice is especially dangerous for children, the elderly, and people with osteoporosis (decreased bone density), as they are more easily injured and harder to recover from.
2. What to do after a fall?
– Do not rush to get up immediately. A sudden ascent can have serious consequences if the injury received during the fall is serious.
– Even if the injury is serious, in the first seconds you may not feel a sharp pain, since the body is still in a state of shock. If a person got up and walked immediately after a fall, this does not mean that he does not have, for example, a spinal injury or a broken leg. Adrenaline, which is released in times of stress, can mask pain.
– After the fall, first raise your head, move your arms and legs, listen to your feelings. Get up only if you really do not feel sharp pain.
· Remember that pain may not come immediately, so the ideal solution after a fall is to go to the emergency room.
3. To avoid injury from falling in icy conditions, it is important to follow 3 simple rules:
– choose comfortable shoes, refuse heels;
– Walk slowly and try to keep your balance;
– learn to fall correctly.
What are the risks of falling?
– In the elbow. Consequences: fracture of the clavicle, humerus and olecranon of the ulna.
– In an outstretched hand. Consequences: fracture of the bones that make up the elbow joint (possibly with displacement or fragments), wrist injury.
– On the buttocks. Consequences: compression injury to the spine.
– In the back. Consequences: blow to the head and concussion.
– In the knee. Consequences: patellar injury.
If you slip, what is the correct way to fall?
– Strongly bend your knees, as if you were squatting;
– Wave your arms: the greater the amplitude, the more chances to stay on your feet;
– Try to hold on to something;
– If you fall on your back, open your arms as wide as possible to reduce the force of impact and do not fall on your elbows, try to bring your head towards your chest so as not to hit the back of your head;
– If you land on your side, gather as much as possible, try to bring your legs to your chest, do not stretch your arms, press your elbows into your body, try to land on your forearm.
4. How to move on slippery ice?
It is wrong to walk straight. When traveling on a dry road, the weight of the body is distributed approximately equally on each leg. On a slippery path with this style of walking, the legs have to support the body at an angle, and not perpendicularly, as a result, the supporting leg “rides” and the person falls.
Move correctly in the style of penguins, waddling. If you are walking on ice, then the center of gravity should be transferred to the leg in front, do not spread your legs, go with small steps. The penguin is the only creature in the world that has invented such a method of transportation.