However, it is worth making a reservation: almost a third of all housing built here is social. They are actively building rental houses for visiting specialists and for the resettlement of people from the barracks.
– The insular region was the first in the country to begin the implementation of a new resettlement program for the emergency housing stock, and federal resources were obtained. We have significantly increased the volume of housing construction. Last year, 7,000 apartments were commissioned. In 2022, we intend to keep the bar, – said the head of the region Valery Limarenko.
In the context of the Sakhalin Oblast, construction progress in other regions does not look so promising. For example, in the Trans-Baikal Territory, according to the head of the Regional Development Corporation, Anton Tutov, they rent “catastrophically small volumes.” The main problem is logistics. Now building materials are imported from Buryatia, the Irkutsk region and other neighboring regions, which significantly increases the final cost of housing. For this reason, the regional Construction Ministry plans to build factories for the construction of large-format houses and companies for the production of reinforced concrete.
“This will lead to a reduction in labor costs on construction sites, a longer construction season (since the work can be done in the cold season) and, we hope, a decrease in the cost per meter. square,” said Minister Dmitry Vatagin. .
Another problem, he said, is a lack of staff. In recent years, the potential of the construction industry has decreased many times due to China’s lack of manpower.
Experts believe that it is necessary to intensify the construction of affordable and high-quality housing in the region, apartments in which the State will be able to buy to transfer to socially unprotected segments of the population.
In Yakutia, the main problem is also the lack of materials. Cement, crushed stone, reinforced concrete products, small stone blocks, inert materials, expanded polystyrene, as well as mineral insulation, sandwich panels, double-glazed windows are produced in the republic … However, part of the wood and the mineral insulation, almost all metal products and finishing building materials are imported from other republics.
According to the Deputy Minister of Construction of Yakutia, Galina Novikova, due to a sharp increase in the dollar exchange rate, developers began to receive refusals from manufacturers of some building materials to ship goods. The prices of imported products also increased, whose share reaches 40 percent in housing construction. Many providers require 100% advance payment at the end of contracts.
Photo: Infographic “RG” / Rafael Zaripov
– An increase in the cost of materials or a refusal to sell at prices previously fixed in the contracts may lead to a stoppage of work. Features of the transport scheme, natural and climatic features, a short construction period in Yakutia can only increase the risks, – said Galina Novikova.
In turn, the Kamchatka authorities point out flaws in the regulations, which result in abandoned construction sites. The construction rules in Russia are the same both for the Krasnodar Territory, where the working season lasts almost the whole year, and for the North with its short summer. The government of the region asks to change the terms of public procurement, reduce or cancel customs duties on construction materials, extend the “Far East Mortgage” to the secondary housing market.
In Yakutia, the main problem is the lack of materials and their high cost. The prices of imports have increased, whose share reaches 40 percent in housing construction.
But it is considered that the main factor that slows down the start-up of housing in the region is the difficulties with the creation of engineering infrastructure under technological connection agreements.
– Kamchatka plans to attract extrabudgetary sources to finance infrastructure projects in the near future to solve the problem. This is participation in the program of bond issuance to finance infrastructure with the support of DOM.RF and the mechanism of “Far East concession”, – says the head of the region Vladimir Solodov.
However, the forecasts of the authorities are optimistic: it is expected that by 2024 the region will be able to provide the construction of 150,000 square meters, and in the future to increase the commissioning rate to 200,000.
But in Primorye, which was included in the list of leaders in the delivery of housing in the district, they focus on another problem – the high cost of “squares”. Because of this, in the near future, the construction of housing for sale in the Far Eastern Federal District may stop.
People’s purchasing power is declining. Most of the transactions in new buildings are carried out under the Far East Mortgage, but a significant part of the population will not fall under its terms. So it turns out that active people over 36 are leaving the region to the west, where housing is more affordable.
– Everything we have built is good as long as there is a buyer. Without the existence of preferential mortgage programs with special conditions for the Far East, there will be no development at all, – says Konstantin Bogdanenko, director of DNS Development.
Sergey Kosikov, director of the Vladivostok real estate center, agrees with him.
– If there are no programs to contain costs and attract professionals to our region so that they can live and earn here, in three or four years there will be no one to buy apartments in new buildings, – says the expert.
Alexander Levintal, Director General for the Far East of DOM.RF:
— In the Far East, the development of the housing construction market continues to use a number of mechanisms, including those offered by the Unified Development Institute. Despite the sharp increase in the key rate of the Central Bank, the marginal rate of the Far East Mortgage remained at the level of two percent. At DOM.RF Bank, it is available from one percent. The parameters of the bond mechanism for infrastructure financing were improved. They allow loans to be obtained at preferential rates to provide housing construction with engineering, transportation and social infrastructure. On May 19, 2022, amendments to the Russian Government Decree No. 2459 came into force, reducing the limit for the participation of investors themselves in concession projects/PPPs implemented in the Far East from 20 to 10 percent. hundred. Added the ability to finance upgrade, recreation, and tourism items. All this facilitates the launch of new projects.
In addition, DOM.RF is actively discussing rental housing projects with the Sakhalin Region and the Kamchatka Territory, including for certain categories of citizens. This will attract specialists in demand to the Far East. The practice may be extended to other regions of the district.
In addition, it is planned to launch the “Far Eastern Quarter” program, which is being promoted by the Russian Ministry of Development of the Far East.
All this will contribute to maintaining high housing construction rates in the Far East in the coming years, exceeding the average Russian level.
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