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HomeLatest NewsWhy Fontanka developers had to pay a lot of money - Rodina

Why Fontanka developers had to pay a lot of money – Rodina

Date: July 24, 2024 Time: 07:30:35

The Runiverse electronic encyclopedia and library has presented a digitalized historical document: “The highest resolution on the report of the Office of the Chief of Police “On the collection of land in places distributed along the Fontanka River, even if these places were not urbanized.”


Map of Saint Petersburg 1738. Historical reconstruction from the 1850s.

The decree was issued in 1733, during the reign of Tsarina Anna Ioannovna. The document is part of the collection “Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire”, stored in volume IX, which contains materials from the years 1733-1736.

From the report of the chief of police it appears that in January 1721 a decree was issued allowing the allocation of space for rural courtyards on the Moscow side along the banks of the Neva River.

It was ordered that “places from the redoubt, the size of which can be built according to printed models, be given to those who will build on Vasilyevsky Island.”

Four years later, in December 1725, the Senate issued a decree on the construction and maintenance of lanterns in St. Petersburg. In this regard, a tax was introduced for residents “on the number of square fathoms, which are taken from common households.”

Another decree ordered those who received plots of land on the banks of the Fountain River to build cottages within four years. At the same time, it was decided not to take away their “planted money,” but this measure applied only to bona fide developers. “And whoever does not build within that time, then he will have the money that was planted,” said the decree of those years.

In addition, it was decided to confiscate land from those who “do not want to build” and give it to other petitioners, and “pay money for construction to those who built before this decree.”

Land was supposed to be allocated to all those who hit their foreheads, but priority was given to the “higher ranks.” And only after them could the lower ranks claim land. Moreover, the Senate decree emphasized that plots should be given only to those who do not yet have a dacha, and those who do should not be given land.

The police also stated in their report that “the mentioned places of different ranks were distributed to the people and during that distribution, they were compelled in writing to construct a building and gardens in those places within the given time period.”

However, many of those who received plots never built houses. They did not plant gardens or even put up fences, although such actions could have been counted as the beginning of construction.

In other words, the decree was not followed by many. Others resorted to cunning and built temporary shacks, passing them off as houses, but these buildings quickly fell into disrepair and collapsed, which did not escape the eyes of the police.

In November 1732, the Senate took decisive action against the negligent developers and issued a new decree “ordering that taxes be collected from everyone.” A kind of audit was ordered to be carried out and no money was to be taken from those who had built the house or were still building it.

“And from those who were not built, if we take square money, and from now on with them, both in construction and in the fight against square money, Your Imperial Majesty would be kind enough to indicate it,” the Office of the Chief of Police asked. The resolution of the report clearly answered this question: “Take cash and follow the decree in everything.”

By the way, after the death of Peter I, under Empress Catherine I, square copper money began to be minted in Russia. Only a dozen of these coins have survived to this day, so they are considered a great numismatic rarity.

For example, the cost of a square penny minted in 1726 is now 2 million rubles. Due to economic difficulties, copper coins were issued. Copper was a cheap metal and was clearly not saving. Thus, the weight of a square penny was 16.38 grams, and a copper one-ruble coin weighed 1.63 kilograms.

* This website provides news content gathered from various internet sources. It is crucial to understand that we are not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, or reliability of the information presented Read More

Hansen Taylor
Hansen Taylor
Hansen Taylor is a full-time editor for ePrimefeed covering sports and movie news.

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