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How to protect yourself from ticks? The epidemiologist named 5 simple and effective methods.

Date: July 23, 2024 Time: 03:13:11

With the arrival of good weather the ticks wake up. As a rule, the first period of its activity begins in early April and lasts until mid-June. The second period arrives in August, which ends in October. The maximum activity of arthropods is observed at a time when the average daily temperature is set at +10…15 degrees.

By the way, ticks are not insects, they belong to the class of arachnids.

What we will tell you

Where can ticks be found most frequently?

Ticks are found in fields, forests, meadows, parks and city squares and even on means of transport; They can get there from a bouquet of wildflowers or items of clothing. These arthropods love humidity; They prefer moderately shaded and moist deciduous and mixed forests with dense vegetation.

epidemiologist at the Hadassah Israeli Clinic branch in Skolkovo

“Many ticks can be seen on the slopes of forest ravines, along the edges of the forest, in willow thickets along the banks of forest streams. Their favorite places to concentrate are trails and roads with grassy verges, as ticks are attracted to the smell of people and animals. This is where they usually stalk their prey.”

How dangerous are ticks?

Ticks can transmit dangerous diseases such as tick-borne encephalitis, borreliosis, or Lyme disease.

Photo: istockphoto.com/Kerrick

The tick-borne encephalitis virus can cause inflammation of the brain and nervous tissue. It is a serious disease that can have serious consequences, including disorders of the nervous system.

Borreliosis is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi, which can be transmitted through the bite of a tick. Lyme disease can cause a variety of symptoms, including skin rashes, arthritis, neurological complications, and other problems.

How to protect yourself from tick bites?

To protect yourself from tick bites in the forest, in the country or in the yard of the house, you must follow certain recommendations.

Wear protective clothing. Cover your body with thick clothing: long-sleeved shirts with tightly fitted cuffs, long pants, waterproof shoes. Additionally, it is advisable to tuck your pants into your socks. Don’t forget to wear a hat, as ticks love to hide in hair.Choose light colored clothing. Insects look much better in it.Use repellents. Apply products containing diethyltoluamide (DEET) or picaridin to exposed skin and clothing. This will help repel parasites.Check your body. After walking in the woods or green areas, carefully inspect your body, clothing and shoes for ticks. Comb your hair with a fine-toothed comb.Create a barrier. If you are in a country house, clear the area of ​​grass and shrubs, create a wooden decking seating area, or add gravel around the house.

Photo: istockphoto.com/Imgorthand

How to check yourself for ticks?

After spending time in nature, it is recommended to pay special attention to certain areas of the body. Ticks usually prefer the following areas:

waist and lumbar area; groin area and inner thighs; armpit area and popliteal cavities;

How to remove a tick yourself?

The tick attaches itself to the victim’s skin with legs equipped with suction cups and sharp claws, after which it burrows into the skin with its proboscis. Most often, arthropods attach to those areas of the body that have thin skin and good blood supply: armpits and popliteal cavities, neck and scalp. It then sinks its proboscis into the skin and, cutting it, reaches the subcutaneous blood vessels, from where it sucks blood.

In most cases, the biting process itself goes unnoticed by humans, since when the tick is bitten, it releases a special anesthetic liquid into the human body.

Photo: istockphoto.com/Animaflora

A tick attached to the body should be removed immediately upon detection, taking care not to tear off the proboscis embedded in the skin. The most convenient way to do this is to use curved tweezers or surgical tweezers. It is necessary to grab the arthropod as close to the proboscis as possible, then carefully pull it up, while rotating it around its axis in a convenient direction. Typically, after one to three turns, the entire tick is removed along with the proboscis.

If you don’t have tweezers on hand, you can use thread. It should be tied in a knot, as close to the skin as possible, and then slowly shake the attached parasite to the sides, pulling it up.

Proceed slowly as the proboscis may become embedded in the skin.

If you don’t even have thread, use your fingers. Wash your hands, wrap your fingers with a clean bandage, and grab the tick as close to the skin as possible. Rotate it around its axis and then slowly remove it. Under no circumstances should you pressure an arthropod; be careful.

After removing it, place the live tick in a jar. Then treat the bite site with an antiseptic (it can be alcohol or iodine) and wash your hands thoroughly.

Photo: istockphoto.com/Nataba

It is recommended to take the tick to the nearest Hygiene and Epidemiology Center (there are in all regions of Russia), where the presence of pathogens of infectious diseases will be checked. If the parasite is infected with viruses, the necessary treatment will be prescribed.

Emergency administration of immunoglobulin is indicated for bite victims.

If you cannot remove the arthropod yourself, you can get help at any emergency room. It is also advisable to go to a medical center if, when removing an insect, its proboscis remains on the skin.

Please note that Rospotrebnadzor of the Russian Federation annually approves the List of administrative territories of Russian constituent entities that are endemic for tick-borne viral encephalitis, that is, places where the risk of infection is high. For example, Moscow is not included in this list, and in the Moscow region, out of 53 municipalities, two are endemic: Dmitrovsky and Taldomsky districts.

What about vaccination?

There are specific preventive measures only for tick-borne encephalitis: these are preventive vaccines. The complete course consists of three vaccines. Vaccination should begin in autumn, around October-November, and the last vaccination should be carried out in spring (March-April).

The course must be completed 14 days before the start of the epidemic season or travel to an area where tick-borne encephalitis is endemic.

There is still no safe vaccine against tick-borne borreliosis.

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* This website provides news content gathered from various internet sources. It is crucial to understand that we are not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, or reliability of the information presented Read More

Puck Henry
Puck Henry
Puck Henry is an editor for ePrimefeed covering all types of news.
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