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The doctor called the age when brain aging begins. Pay attention to these symptoms

Date: March 1, 2024 Time: 23:20:44

doctor, doctor of medical sciences, MRA

Despite the increase in life expectancy, aging is an inevitable aspect of life. This question has been studied for a long time, but the mechanisms of such changes are not fully known. The line between normal and pathological aging is blurred as all adults experience physiological and cognitive changes.

When does aging begin?

Different parts of the brain age at different times in life. So, scientists have found that the first changes begin after 20 years. With the beginning of the 40 years, the volume of the brain decreases, and this process continues at an accelerated rate after the 70 years.

This happens due to destructive changes in brain tissue. The volume of gray matter, the main component of the central nervous system, decreases throughout adulthood. The mechanisms that promote cell death are still unclear.

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Whose brain ages first, the female or the male? We answer HERE.

Types of brain aging

Brain aging is associated with damage to small blood vessels and several neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD), dementia, and Parkinson’s disease.

There is also the term “dementia”. It is an extreme degree of cognitive deterioration, in which the person loses independence and becomes dependent on the help of third parties (family, social workers).

It is common to distinguish vascular cognitive disorders from neurodegenerative disorders because prognostic and treatment approaches differ.

Vascular cognitive disorders

Vascular Cognitive Impairment is a general term that describes difficulties with thought processes caused by damage to the brain due to impaired blood flow.

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Signs of vascular cognitive impairment:

Problems of attention and concentration; decreased ability to switch between tasks; more time spent solving regular tasks; slow “slimy” thinking, memory problems, anxiety, and agitation; sleep disorders, insomnia, depression or apathy.

These symptoms can develop after a stroke, diabetes, high blood pressure and excess cholesterol, and smoking.

Also read:

10 bad habits that impair brain function

neurodegenerative disorders

These include Alzheimer’s disease. Decreases in non-memory aspects of cognition may indicate the early stages of the disease. This is the search for the correct word, problems understanding visual images, impaired reasoning or judgment.

As the disease progresses, the symptoms become more severe and include increased confusion and behavior changes.

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With a mild form, a person may appear healthy but have trouble understanding the world around them. What could it be?

Impaired recognition of specific objects (for example, you forget the word “phone” but you can characterize its function – what they are talking about); errors of judgment dictated by the suspicion of the person; loss of spontaneity and sense of initiative; confusing dates or knowledge of current location, repeating questions or forgetting recently learned information problems managing money and paying bills problems planning or solving tasks loss or misplacement of things in strange places changes in mood and personality increased anxiety and aggression.

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Alzheimer’s disease is often diagnosed at this stage. At a later date, signs such as:

changes in sleep patterns. For example, more sleep during the day and restlessness at night; Difficulty performing familiar multi-step tasks, such as getting dressed; occasional trouble recognizing family and friends; hallucinations, delusions and paranoia; Impulsive behaviors, such as undressing at the wrong time. time or place, or the use of vulgar expressions; inappropriate emotional outbursts; restlessness, agitation, anxiety, crying, wandering, especially at night.

Can aging be stopped?

Chronological aging is universal for everyone. However, there are individual differences in the biological process. As a result, there is an opportunity to slow down this process.

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Some lifestyle changes may play a protective role in age-related cognitive decline. These are exercise, energy restriction, and antioxidant intake.

Previously, it was believed that the presence of higher education, work as a scientist can move the onset of dementia. It turned out that this was not the case. This only makes it difficult to diagnose the early stages. That is, it delays the start of treatment.

Today simple and affordable actions are known that can slow down cognitive disorders. These include mental arithmetic, puzzles and fine motor skills (embroidery, knitting), dancing, solving logical problems, crossword puzzles such as Sudoku.

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If you suspect a cognitive disorder, self-medication is not recommended. It is important to consult a specialist: a neurologist, a geriatrician (a doctor who deals with the treatment and prevention of diseases in the elderly and senile) or a psychiatrist.

Timely initiation of therapy can provide several additional years of independence and preservation of personality for a patient with cognitive impairment.

Also read:

CrossFit for the brain: a neurologist named 9 simple exercises to pump memory and attention

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Puck Henry
Puck Henry
Puck Henry is an editor for ePrimefeed covering all types of news.

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